Sheep & Goat Tagging
Mark your calendar and plan to bring your sheep and goats to the Johnson County Fairgrounds June 1 from 2:00-4:00 to be tagged. All animals must also have a scrapie tag in place that has been provided by the breeder. If you do not have a scrapie tag you will need to contact the breeder in order to get one prior to tagging on June 1. If you cannot attend on this date you will need to make other arrangements with the superintendents prior to June 1. Call Allison McKenzie regarding sheep and Shannon Sickler regarding goats.
This year swine will not be tagged at a central location. However, they will need to be tagged prior to June 1. There are 3 options for tagging your swine. First, contact Steve Packard swine superintendent to set up a time. Second, contact the Extension Office to set up a time. Third, work with your club leader to set up a time. Tags will only be given to club leaders and livestock committee superintendents so please make your arrangements as soon as possible.
PED is a highly contagious corona virus that affects all ages of pigs. While losses are most dramatic in suckling piglets, all ages can show symptoms of dehydration, vomiting and diarrhea. Infected piglets less than 7 days old may have a mortality (death) rate of about 50%. The mortality rate in suckling piglets is 80-1005, and that rate declines to 1-3% in larger pigs. Many sows have fevers and are off feed for a few days. Most older swine recover without treatment unless a secondary bacterial infection occurs.
The incubation period for PED is 2 days and signs of illness (diarrhea) last 7 to 14 days. Most herds develop immunity within 3 weeks of exposure to the virus.
There is no public/human health risk from PED because it cannot be transferred to humans or other animals, nor is it transferred through pork products.
The virus is transmitted through fecal-oral contact. PED can survive for weeks in the environment (water troughs, feeders, soil, clothing, etc.), and it is most likely spread from one herd to another on boots, tires, etc. that have not been cleaned properly. Removal of feces and debris from surfaces and proper cleaning are essential to preventing and/or slowing the disease.
The disease was first discovered in England in 1971 and is common throughout Europe and Asia. It was first reported in the U.S. in May 2013. As of April 4th, PED has been diagnosed in 28 states, and one million pigs have died from the disease. Economists have estimated that PED could ultimately kill as many as 5 million pigs (about 4.5% of the pigs sent to slaughter last year.)
So what does this mean for 4-Hers showing pigs? Biosecurity should always be at the forefront of decisions made in the livestock industry. Specifically, here are a few things that should be done:
- Limit the co-mingling of animals. The virus is spread through fecal-oral contact. Any co-mingling of animals can lead to the spread of the virus.
- If you visit another farm and are in contact with pigs (even walking through corrals), you will want to consider getting rid of, or at the very least disinfecting the shoes that were worn prior to entering your own pig pens. The virus can spread through the feces on your shoes as you walk from barn to barn, or even from trailer to trailer.
- Quarantine new animals. This is a practice that should always be practiced prior to bringing new animals into an existing healthy herd. Two to three weeks is usually a safe amount of time. PEDv has an incubation period of 12-24 hours, which means that it takes that long from exposure to when signs appear. However, the virus can be shed by animals that do not show symptoms for 3-4 weeks
The National Pork Checkoff has many fact sheets out to help understand this virus.
The following is a recent release from the Wyoming State 4-H Office regarding the PED virus affecting the swine industry. All swine owners please be informed!
In an effort to minimize the risks of spreading disease while supporting the Wyoming State Fair regulations on tagging, the following are recommendations from the UW Wyoming 4-H program:
- Share educational information regarding PEDv with youth, parents, volunteers, superintendents, and others as deemed necessary.
What can you do to join the revolution? Post your ideas, and let’s see if we can make it happen!!
With County Fairs, Open Shows, and other competitive events happening during the summer months, it is easy to forget what matters most in competition- doing your best, not defeating the rest. There can only be one winner at a time, but there are other ways to win- WINNING WITH CHARACTER. The Six Pillars of Character are Trustworthiness, Respect, Responsibility, Fairness, Caring, and Citizenship.